At WenLin Jing Ju (京剧) Make Up Workshop, our teacher will give very easy to understand introduction of Jing Ju (京剧）, traditionally known as Peking Opera. Students can choose one make up style from the character charts and learn how to do it step by step to get the professional stage ready result. This workshop is ideal for senior school children and corporate event. Please email us to make arrangements at: firstname.lastname@example.org
We are delighted to receive technical support from Director and Prof. LI Jiashan, and her team of specialists from China International Research Centre for Jing Ju Heritage, whom kindly provided invaluable information from their research studies.
About Jingju (Peking or Beijing Opera)
When you first visit this page, your first question may well be, ‘what exactly is Jing Ju’? Jing Ju is traditionally known in English as Peking or Beijing Opera. Actually the English term ‘Peking Opera’ is somewhat misleading, in that it may cause Western readers to equate this unique Chinese dramatic art form with Western opera. Jing Ju includes dance, dialogue, and martial arts, as well as music, and is a much more complex art form. Jing Ju transcends dance theatre in which gesture and movement provide the vehicle by which a story is told. It employs spoken dialogue to portray its characters and propel plot development. Jing Ju is an unique type of dramatic narrative, that weaves together music, movement, and dialogue to unfold beautiful and moving stories drawn from Chinese history, biography, folk legend, and literature. The performers must not only master singing, acting and dancing skills, but also excel in acrobatics and martial arts.
For thousands of years Chinese society has been profoundly influenced by the thinking of the renowned Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 BC). Jing Ju also reflects the Confucius ethics and morality. “Good and evil will earn their deserved rewards’ as a common Chinese saying, is the fundamental outlook of Jing Ju. There is no pure tragedy or comedy in Jing Ju. Rather they are two aspects of life which are seen as inseparable and serve each Jing Ju story to its morally unequivocal conclusion. With their elaborate and colourful costumes, performers are the only focal points on Jing Ju’s characteristically sparse stage. They use the skills of speech, song, dance, and combat in movements that are symbolic and suggestive, rather than realistic. Above all else, the skill of performers is evaluated according to the beauty of their movements. Performers also adhere to a variety of stylistic conventions that help audiences navigate the plot of the production. Jing Ju appeals not only because of the richness of its performances, but also thanks to the diversity of its productions. Writers, composers, directors, and actors are all constantly changing. Although the foundations of the stories remain the same, each production is unique in scenario, structure, vocal expression, and acting style. There are nearly three hundreds most frequently performed Jing Ju. They are divided into seven categories: stories of moral instruction, tales of loyalty and duty, historical pieces, stories of palace intrigue, cases of justice, love stories and legends about immortals.
The role types of Jing Ju include Sheng (male), Dan (female), Jing (painted face, male), and Chou (clown, male or female) as well as various other roles. The four main techniques such as singing, dialogue and monologue, stylised action and acrobatic fighting, and the five methods including movement of hands, eyes, body, gesture and steps constitute the synthesis employed by Jing Ju to present its rich and diversified characters. Adornments and ornaments like crowns, helmets, hats and scarves are professionally elaborated while the costumes and their accessories as well as weapons have been uniquely designed.